Vienna, Third District: Landstraße, Part II
Moving northwards, things change socio-demographically: First you will get to the Arsenal, a 19th century brick building that originally served as an army camp. It was built in a hybrid style of Italian Renaissance fortresses and Moorish castles - historicism at its worst. It now houses the very interesting "Heeresgeschichtliches Museum" or army history museum.
Keep on walking northwards across a dire park and you will get to an region that was developed in the 18th century.Going north, you will find the building that draws most of the touristy attention dedicated to the third district. The main attraction is the Belvedere Palace and parks, which house the "Österreichische Galerie" or National Gallery of Austria. Here you can marvel at the World′s most extensive collection of Klimt - or show some deeper interest in art and recognise the high quality of the over-all exhibition of this great museum.
The Belvedere is surrounded by other Baroque buildings: Churches like the Gardekirche, a Salesian nunnery and the Schwarzenberg Palace - still owned by the Schwarzenberg family of Austrian-Bohemian nobility. Beyond that, it serves a much more profane purpose - as a hotel.
The North of Vienna's Third District
The Schwarzenbergplatz Square is known for the Hochquellbrunnen Fountain, as well as the Soviet War Memorial, Palais Schwarzenberg and the many embassies nearby. Here you will also find the "Schoenberg Centre", dedicated to the great innovator of composition. Diving back into the residential areas of the third districts, you should walk from Wien Mitte and the Elisabethinenkirche towards the Rochuskirche Church. Here you can see the pretty, Baroque church, surrounded by a market - or you walk further north to get to the well-hidden Palais Wittgenstein and Palais Rasumofsky, the former one is a remarkable building designed by my fellow Austro-Cantabrigian Ludwig Wittgenstein. It is probably my favourite building in Vienna.
For a stark contrast on it - a hippie-trippie colour massacre from the 1980ies by Friedensreich Hundertwasser, look for the "Kunsthaus Wien" and the "Hundertwasserhaus Wien"; both edifices comprise of former factory- and office buildings and are now among the most popular tourist attractions of the third district. They are well-known for their colourful facades, made of tiles, colour and more tiles.
The Kunsthaus Wien houses an art gallery with usually rather mediocre exhibitions (at least in my humble opinion). Other attractions of the third district that might appeal to you are the Akademietheater theatre, the Konzerthaus concert hall and - for people with a specialist interest - the odd palace or the wild-card sights such as the Akademisches Gymnasium, the secondary school that many Austrian celebrities including Arthur Schnitzler attended. Note also the Kirche Maria Geburt and the Russian Orthodox Church as well as the Flak Tower in the Arenbergpark.
Return to "Vienna, Third District: Landstraße - Part I"
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Sightseeing Guides to Vienna's Districts
District Overview - 1st District (Innere Stadt) - 2nd District (Leopoldstadt) - 3rd District (Landstraße) - 4th District (Wieden) - 5th District (Margarethen)- 6th District (Mariahilf) - 7th District (Neubau) - 8th District (Josefstadt) - 9th District (Alsergrund) - 10th District (Favoriten) - 11th District (Simmering) - 12th District (Meidling) - 13th District (Hietzing) - 14th District (Penzing) - 15th District (Fünfhaus) - 16th District (Ottakring) - 17th District (Hernals) - 18th District (Währing) - 19th District (Döbling) - 20th District (Brigittenau) - 21st District (Floridsdorf) - 22nd District (Donaustadt) - 23rd District (Liesing)